YANGON — Myanmar citizens voted to choose their leaders for the next five years in an election on Sunday.
The polls mark the second general election for the National League for Democracy, led by State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi, under the current constitution. The NLD won a landslide last time in 2015, before taking the reins of government the following year.
Now, the party hopes to maintain a two-thirds majority, with roughly 500 seats up for grabs across the lower and upper houses of parliament. Reaching that threshold is crucial because the constitution allows the military to appoint the remaining 25% of the seats in both chambers. In a joint session after the lawmakers are elected — the vote counting could take days — the two houses will select the president.
This year’s election comes at a time when the coronavirus is battering the economy — especially the tourism and garment industries, which are the country’s main sources of hard currency. Large campaign rallies were banned and the opposition parties, as well as the military, criticized the decision to hold the election at all during the pandemic.
Nikkei Asia is closely following the race. For more, visit our Myanmar election page.
Read our in-depth coverage:
Here are the latest developments (Myanmar time):
Monday, Nov. 9
4:15 p.m. The Union Election Committee announces that the National League for Democracy has secured three seats so far.
2:30 p.m. Local media Mizzima News reports that Ko Ko Gyi, chairman of the People’s Pioneer Party and Thet Thet Khine, leader of the People’s Pioneer Party, have lost their seats.
2:00 p.m. NLD spokesperson Myo Nyunt tells Nikkei Asia that the party believes it has won the majority. Asked whether the party has won more than 322 seats, the majority threshold, he said: “According to our data, we have come over that amount.” He added: “We estimate that we will get more seats than the 2015 election.”
12:15 p.m. The Union Election Committee announces on state-owned TV that there are no final results.
11:35 a.m. Thet Thet Khine, leader of the People’s Pioneer Party, says to Nikkei Asia: “We will respect the election result, even though the process has been suspect regarding early votes.” The leader is a former lawmaker of the NLD but now runs the newly formed PPP opposition party.
11:00 a.m. Ko Ko Gyi, chairman of the People’s Party, speaking on a Facebook live broadcast, says: “We contested in 43 seats throughout the country. So far, we have heard that our party is having success. This was the first election campaign for us, but we made a great effort.” Ko Ko Gyi, is a prominent democracy activist and a leader of the 1988 student uprising Myanmar’s former military junta.
10:30 a.m. The NLD has secured 18 seats thus far, according to the party.
9:45 a.m. According to the state-owned newspaper Global New Light of Myanmar, the chairman of the Union Election Commission said the results will be announced today at 12:00, 4:00 and 8:00 p.m. — but it is not clear how many seats they will be able to announce.
As we wait for the results, let’s take a look at the headlines of local newspapers. 7Day News: “Taking time to announce the results due to advanced voting and the coronavirus”; The Voice Daily: “NLD is leading, though the result is not announced yet”; The Standard Time Daily: “Too early to call a landslide for NLD.”
8:30 a.m. Vote-counting is underway, with a now-quiet polling station in downtown Yangon, near the Sule Pagoda, showing partial results on a piece of paper posted on a window. The Union Election Commission is to announce at least some of the results today, but no official schedule has been revealed. Meanwhile, the NLD is announcing seats it believes it has won based on information from its observers at each polling station. So far, the party says it has secured eight lower house seats.
Sunday, Nov. 8
8:00 p.m. No official results have been announced yet. An NLD spokesperson comes out of the headquarters in Yangon and tells supporters to be patient and wait for the outcome at home.
That’s it for today. We will keep posting if there are any major developments.
7:15 p.m. Wai Wai, a 45-year-old from Shwe Go Daing township, joined other NLD supporters with her family in front of the party’s headquarters. She says: “I completely support the NLD and trust ‘Mother Suu.’ The NLD will definitely win the election.”
7:10 p.m. Hundreds of people have gathered around the NLD headquarters in central Yangon, expecting that Aung San Suu Kyi’s party has scored a decisive victory. Supporters are waving the NLD flag and chanting.
6:30 p.m. Local media reports say that Aung San Suu Kyi and President Win Myint are both leading in their constituencies in the preliminary count.
4:00 p.m. Voting officially ends, but citizens who are already in line can wait until their turn comes. Counting starts inside the polling stations, beginning with the advance ballots. Observers from each party are watching the process.
3:16 p.m. The Democracy and Human Rights Party, which represents the Rohingya minority, issues a statement saying it is “utterly disappointed” that many Rohingya people were not able to participate in the election. It calls on the government to “eradicate all unjust policies” affecting the Muslim group.
3:00 p.m. Local media reports that a woman alleged to be a representative of a Union Solidarity and Development Party candidate was arrested in a village in Mon State. According to the reports, she had fake ballots in her bag.
2:45 p.m. The largest election observing organization in Myanmar, the People’s Alliance for Credible Elections, says 5% of its monitors have been unable to perform their duties because polling station officers stood in the way. According to PACE, 15% of registered voters cast their ballots in advance.
In this video footage, voters can be seen waiting to make their picks in Yangon.
1:55 p.m. Despite the overall popularity of the NLD, especially among the Bamar people, in ethnic states the sentiment is different. In Myitkyina, the capital of Kachin State, a 59-year old woman says she voted for the first time in her life — with local interests at the front of her mind. “I want to choose our leader by myself,” she says. “I just voted for someone who could build peace and work for the economy of Kachin State.”
In Kachin, several local parties merged to form the Kachin State People’s Party. Disappointment toward the NLD among ethnic groups has deepened due to the failure to seal peace agreements.
12:44 p.m. Like their urban counterparts, citizens in rural areas are also enthusiastic about participating in Myanmar’s fledgling democratic process. In Myaungmya, west of Yangon, Than Than Oo, a 44-year-old homemaker, says: “We are afraid of COVID-19, but everyone should vote. I hope there will be more change in education, business and the health sector.”
She adds, “I believe only the NLD can make changes.”
11:00 a.m. Foreign election observers are in the country to secure fairness. Yohei Sasakawa, head of an observer mission from Japan, says: “I am impressed seeing the voters so serious about casting their votes. Polling stations are well-managed despite the pandemic.”
On the other hand, in dozens of rural constituencies, the Union Election Commission decided to postpone the voting due to “security reasons.” Sasakawa says he met with UEC officials on Friday and “requested that they set up by-elections as soon as possible.”
10:00 a.m. Local media reports that Senior Gen. Min Aung Hlaing has cast his vote in the capital, Naypyitaw. The head of the military, who has extraordinary political influence, said: “I voted for the party that can work with the military,” adding, “I will accept the results of the elections. We can’t deny it.”
Besides the 25% of military-appointed seats, the largest opposition party, the Union Solidarity and Development Party, is affiliated with the armed forces.
Last Monday, Min Aung Hlaing’s office had issued a statement criticizing the Union Election Commission. “There are announcements [by the UEC] under the pretext of protecting voting rights, but that goes beyond the existing laws,” it said.
9:22 a.m. Our reporters in Yangon are hearing from many voters that they support the NLD, as expected. Aye Tun, a 57-year-old taxi driver in the city, says: “During the last five years, we have gotten the chance to talk about our difficulties. I am satisfied with it.”
Tin Htoo Aung, a 50-year-old street vendor, tells us: “I feel the NLD didn’t fulfill our hopes, but I still believe the NLD stands for the minority people. I voted for them to give them another chance.”
8:45 a.m. To prevent coronavirus infections, polling stations in Yangon are implementing precautions, such as taking temperatures and asking voters to sanitize their hands. In some places, masks and face shields are being distributed. The country has recorded over 60,000 COVID-19 cases in the pandemic so far, with nearly 1,400 deaths.
6:30 a.m. At a polling station in Yangon, a 39-year-old bakery owner accompanied by his wife says: “We believe that the NLD will do the best for education. We hope the government improves the next generation in the next five years.”
6:00 a.m. Voting starts. Citizens aged 18 and up are casting their ballots for parliament’s upper and lower houses.
5:47 a.m. Voters line up before the sun comes up, waiting for Yangon polling stations to open. A 45-year-old homemaker, Hla Myaing, says she hopes “the party I vote for will do their best for the next five years.”